What is cervical cancer?
Cervical cancer is an abnormal growth of cells in the lining of the cervix that results from long-term infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV), which is a common virus that can be passed between partners during sex.
How many women have cervical cancer?
In Eastern Africa, cervical cancer is the most common cancer among women. In Kenya, 11% of new cancer cases are cervical cancer cases. However, it is a preventable disease.
What are the risk factors?
Early initiation of sexual intercourse
Having multiple sexual partners
Having a sexual partner with multiple sexual partners
Co-infection with other sexually transmitted infections, such as Chlamydia trachomatis and herpes simplex virus type 2
Immunosuppression due to HIV/AIDS infection
How can I prevent getting cervical cancer?
Protects against the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) which can cause cervical cancer
HPV vaccines are available for girls starting at age 9!
Screening helps to find abnormal cervical cells that can become cancerous
Get regular screening!
What are the symptoms?
Abnormal vaginal bleeding
Abnormal vaginal discharge
Pain during sex
Blood in urine
Swelling of legs
Consult a healthcare professional immediately if you have any of these symptoms.
What are the screening methods?
What are some treatment options?
Cryotherapy is used to freeze and remove abnormal pre-cancerous cells from the cervix. The doctor or nurse inserts a speculum to open your vagina, then gently holds a cryoprobe inside for a few minutes.
National Cancer Screening Guidelines
Kenya National Cancer Treatment Protocols 2019:
Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi
World Health Organization