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breast cancer

What is breast cancer?

Breast cancer happens when cells in the breast grow out of control. 

How many women have breast cancer?

Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer among Kenyan women. In Kenya, 12.5% of cancer cases are breast cancer cases. However, it is a preventable disease. 

Risk Factors

What are the risk factors?

  • Heredity & Family History 

  • Mutations - BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations

  • Previous abnormal biopsy 

  • Chest wall radiation 

  • High breast density 

  • Reproductive history- nulliparity 

  • Early menarche 

  • No breastfeeding history

  • Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)

  • Lifestyle – obesity, physical inactivity, tobacco & alcohol

How can I prevent getting breast cancer?

Limit alcohol consumption


Limit tobacco use


Exercise regularly


Maintain a healthy diet



What are the symptoms?

Breast Cancer Symptoms
  • Breast lump or thickening

  • Change in size, shape, and/or appearance of the breast

  • Dimpling of the skin on the breast

  • Newly inverted nipple

  • Scaling, peeling, crusting of pigmented skin area around the nipple

  • Redness of skin on breast

Consult a healthcare professional immediately if you have any of these symptoms.

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